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Citing Sources

Attributing Sources in Footnotes, In-Text Citations & Bibliographies

Sciences

Government Document Citations

"Government publications are written by federal bureaucrats and printed, not published, by the Government Printing Office. Very often these publications will not follow a standard title page arrangement and some publishing elements will be eliminated...use the following citation example to find as many elements as possible and arrange them as shown." (Government Publications at University of Memphis)

Author (Agency). Title, edition, statement. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. (Series elements). (Notes). [If including Superintendent of Documents number, enter in Notes]

The following are resources for assistance with citing government documents:

DocsCite (Automatically formats citations for federal government documents in APA or MLA style. Created by Arizona State University)

Guide: Citing U.S. Government Publications (Indiana University)

American Sociological Association

The American Sociological Association Style is intended for use by authors preparing manuscripts for publication in ASA journals.

Music Citations

"A solid basic format (for citing music) includes the artist’s name, the title of the piece, and the title of the longer work (if you cite one song from an album or CD). Also include the production company and release date." (Yale College)

The following are excellent resources for information and examples on citing music sources:

Bibliographic Citations for Music (Indiana University)

Citing Music Sources (Univ. of Western Ontario)

Music or Sound Recording Citations (Yale College)

Legal Style

Foreign Language Titles

For foreign languge titles, follow these basic rules regardless of citation style:

For German, capitalize the first word and all nouns.

For French, capitalize THROUGH the first noun in the title.

For Italian and other languages, capitalize just the first word.

(NOTE: Always capitalize all proper nouns.)

Also, when citing a non-English reference work, use the original title followed by the English translation of the title in brackets.

Example: Kluge, Friedrich. (2002). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (24th ed.). Berlin, Germany: de Gruyter.

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