The CIA World Factbook is a good general resource for basic information about countries.
Economics: Look in this section for information about industries and GDP.
ABI/Inform and Business Source Complete are business databases that in addition to scholarly business literature, contain reports about countries, their politics and economics, not to mention Country Risk Reports.
Search for: Country Risk Report, Country Report or Political Risk
Ex: "risk report" and uruguay
Industry Statistics for most countries are published by the United Nations.
(See UN Data Portal below)
To Find the Primary Industries:
To Find Companies in an Area: